What Is An Agreement That Promotes Cooperation Among States Is Called

The Bureau regularly attends meetings of the OECD Competition Committee and the Consumer Policy Committee and regularly makes contributions to the Best Practices Committee roundtables. The Office is a former secretariat of the ICPEN and assumed the role of chair of the network from July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021. ICPEN is made up of consumer protection authorities from more than 50 countries. Its objective is to protect the economic interests of consumers around the world, to exchange information on cross-border business activities that could harm consumer well-being, and to promote global cooperation between law enforcement agencies. (i) It is the responsibility of the present generation to preserve the many cultural possessions as the common heritage of humanity and to inherit them from the next generation. In addition to cooperation with UNESCO`s international protection campaigns, Japan, which recently established UNESCO`s „Japan Trust Fund for World Heritage Conservation“ for $3 million, plans to fund conservation and restoration activities for various historic ruins by confining the fund to UNESCO. The fact that the Kyoto conference was held in response to the initiative of a Japanese Prime Minister and that the UN Foreign Minister attended the conference and delivered the keynote address was seen by the participants as evidence of Japan`s positive attitude towards disarmament. The conference discussed a wide range of issues such as (1) security and disarmament, (2) non-proliferation of nuclear, chemical and other weapons, (3) the prohibition and review of nuclear tests, (4) openness, transparency and confidence-building measures, and (5) multilateral and bilateral approaches to disarmament. The Kyoto Conference is highly valued in that it has helped to improve the international understanding of Japan`s nuclear test review system, which Japan has taken the lead, and to promote mutual understanding among participants on disarmament issues such as nuclear disarmament and the prohibition of chemical weapons. (ii) The Japan Foundation, a special society of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, was established in 1972 as a central body for international cultural exchanges and has since played an active role in a wide range of fields including cooperation in japanese linguistics and studies, people exchanges, art exchanges, audiovisual exchanges and exchanges of publications. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs supported the Japan Foundation by increasing its contributions to staff and state financial contributions. As proposed in the report of the „Advisory Group for International Cultural Exchanges“, there is a need to further strengthen the budget, improve operations and train the necessary staff. According to international technical cooperation statistics in 1987 based on DAC accounting, Japan ranked fourth among the 18 DAC member countries, after France, the United States and West Germany, at $853 million (US$123,400 million).

In order to improve the quality of Japanese ODA, it is necessary to expand the volume of technical assistance, taking due account of its qualitative improvement and the structural reinforcement of JICA and other executive organisations.