Hfc Reduction Agreement

The need for the amendment stems from the 1987 Montreal Protocol, which controls ozone-depleting substances. Because CFCs have been used as an alternative to ozone-depleting substances in refrigeration facilities, their role in global warming has become a major problem. In 2016, the parties to the Montreal Protocol adopted the CFC Convention concluding the 28th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 28) in Kigali, Rwanda. Governments have agreed that it will come into force on January 1, 2019, provided that at least 20 parties to the Montreal Protocol have ratified it. On 17 November 2017, Sweden and Trinidad and Tobago tabled their ratification instruments, exceeding the required threshold. A final agreement on the exit of the HFC is a positive marker ahead of the November 2016 Marrakech climate change conference. Under the agreement, developed countries will first reduce the use of HFC emissions, followed by a group of Article 5 countries, including China. India and nine other countries in South and West Asia will follow suit. Overall, the agreement is expected to reduce HFC consumption by 85% by 2045.

In October 2016, 197 parties to the Montreal Protocol agreed on the Kigali amendment to gradually reduce global production and consumption of CFCs. Industrialised countries will begin in 2019 with a 90% reduction in the initial value and will fall in additional stages until a level of 15% is reached from 2036. Most developing countries will follow in 2024 with a deferred implementation schedule. A comprehensive agreement on CFCs will complement Australia`s domestic HFC phase, announced by the government on June 27, 2016. A second group of developing countries, including China and African nations, has pledged to launch the transition in 2024. By 2029, a 10% reduction from 2020-2022 levels and 80% by 2045 is expected to be achieved. A third group of developing countries, including India, Pakistan and the Gulf Arab countries, is expected to begin the process in 2028 and reduce emissions by 10% by 2032 from 2024-2026 levels and 85% by 2047. In an effort to protect the climate and the ozone layer in October 2016 at the 28th meeting of the parties to the Montreal Protocol on ozone-depleting substances in Kigali, Rwanda, more than 170 countries agreed on a change to the protocol.

The Kigali amendment aims to phase out hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) by reducing their production and consumption.